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Vasectomy as a contraceptive/birth control method


What is Vasectomy? 

Vasectomy is a surgical procedure to cut and tie the Vas Deferens tube in men. This tube carries sperms from the testes, which later mixes in semen. Semen is the fluid a man ejaculates during sex. 

It is a non-reversible and permanent solution. Post surgery, the men still ejaculates fluid but it doesn't contain sperm anymore, thus preventing pregnancy. The sperm produced are absorbed in the body. You might be required to use contraception for an initial 10-12 weeks after the surgery. 

There are two types of procedure, one with incision and another without incision. They are explained in the pictures.


Effectiveness: Almost 100%

How long does it Last: Lasts for a lifetime and is mostly irreversible

Cost:  INR 20,000 onwards for one procedure. Some of the government family planning hospitals even pay men (below poverty line) to get this procedure done.

Where to Buy: Performed in a hospital by a doctor

STD Protection: No

Safe During Pregnancy: Yes

Side Effects: 

  • Swelling/bruising in scrotum

  • Mild pain and discomfort

  • Infection in the stitch 

  • Bleeding/blood clot in scrotum

  • May develop cyst in epididymis

  • Granuloma - inflammation caused by leaking sperm

When to Avoid: 

  • History of chronic testicular pain or testicular disease

  • History of Prostate cancer or dementia

  • Obesity

  • Diabetes


A man can still have a child with IVF and other such technologies.

Non invasive vasectomy procedure for contraception
Invasive/incision vasectomy procedure/surgery for contraception
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