SPERMICIDES

Spermicide as a contraceptive/birth control

HOW TO USE SPERMICIDES

What is a Spermicide?
 

A spermicide is a chemical (Nonoxynol-9) that prevents pregnancy by killing the sperms present in vagina. It comes in multiple forms such as spermicidal foam, contraceptive films, spermicidal jelly, spermicidal creams and gels, inserts and suppositories. 

Spermicide is generally used with other contraception products like cervical caps, diaphragm and condom to increase its effectiveness.

It is an every time use solution and if you want a child, simply using the spermicide
 

Effectiveness: 72-when used alone

How long does it Last: Spermicide is applied deep inside the vagina, 10-15 mins before sex. It generally lasts for 60 minutes after insertion, so if you have sex after 60 minutes of applying spermicide, apply again.

Cost:  INR 300 onwards per pack 

Where to Buy: Available at Pharmacy and Health centres, can be bought without prescription

STD Protection: No
 

Safe During Pregnancy: Yes (when used alone)

Side Effects: 

  • Allergy to Nonoxynol-9

  • Vaginal rashes and irritation

  • Penile irritation in partner

  • Increased risk of contacting a urinary tract infection or STD

When to Avoid: 

  • Avoid as a contraceptive if you are less than 30 years in age and indulge in sex frequently

  • If you have an STD

  • If you have previous history of Urinary Tract Infection

Spermicide can be safely used after childbirth and while breastfeeding if you and your partner do not have an allergy towards it. It also acts as a lubricant during sex.

 

How to use spermicide as a contraceptive