DIAPHRAGMS

Diaphragm as a contraceptive/birth control

HOW TO USE DIAPHRAGMS

What is a Diaphragm?
 

A diaphragm is a dome shaped silicon cup, which is inserted into the vagina before sex. It is placed over the cervix and acts as a barrier to entry of sperm. It is used along with spermicide. It can be used safely at home but getting the right size is important. 

It is an every time use solution and if you want a child, simply stop wearing the diaphragm.

 

Effectiveness: 92-96% effective when used along with spermicide
 

How long does it Last: Diaphragm can be re-used multiple times. After each use, wash it with soap and warm water.
You need to leave the diaphragm inside the vagina for at least 6 hours (or at max 24 hours) after sex. You need to fill it again with spermicide if you have sex 3 hours after inserting it. Don't take out the diaphragm, simply put more spermicide inside the vagina.


It's time to replace a diaphragm if it starts leaking, has developed odour, if you have developed an STI or vaginal infections, you have delivered a baby or if you have gained/lost more than 3 kgs. Immediately replace it in this case. Otherwise, replace it every 2 years.

 

Cost: Cost varies from INR 6000 to INR 18000 or above per piece
 

Where to Buy: Available in Pharmacy and Health centres, but sold only on a prescription by a doctor
 

STD Protection: No
 

Safe During Pregnancy: No
 

Side Effects: 

  • Can cause cystitis (bladder infection) in some women

  • Allergy to latex and spermicide can cause irritation

  • Can cause toxic shock syndrome
     

When to Avoid: 

  • If the position and shape of cervix is abnormal

  • Allergy to latex or spermicide chemicals

  • If the vaginal muscles are weak due to childbirth

  • History of Toxic Shock Syndrome

  • If you are currently infected with UTI, STI or vaginal infections

Wait for 6 weeks after childbirth, before you use the diaphragm again.

 

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