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Trichomonas vaginalis - the microbe causing trichomoniasis (trich)

  • Trichomoniasis or Trich is a common STI caused due to a parasite called Trichomonas Vaginalis

  • The infection does not present any symptoms in most of the cases and hence the infected individuals are unaware of carrying the disease

  • Trich generally impacts the urethra and urinary tract in both men and women

  • Trich poses risks to HIV infected individuals 

Spread of Trichomoniasis

  • Through unprotected sexual intercourse with infected individual

  • Sharing unclean/infected sex toys

  • Women engaging in vaginal sexual activities with other women

  • More likely to occur in the older sexually active population

Trich doesn't spread through oral or anal sex. Neither does it transmit through toilet seats, swimming pools, kissing, hugging and sharing utensils.

Trichomoniasis (trich) symptoms, treatment and prevention

Symptoms of Trichomoniasis

Symptoms of trichomoniasis (trich) in men and women

Complications of Trichomoniasis

Trich rarely cause any complications unless

  • You have HIV, Trich increases the chances of HIV spread

  • You are pregnant, your child may be born premature or with low birth-weight

Prevention of Trichomoniasis

  • Do not engage in unprotected sex with multiple partners

  • Avoid douching your vagina as this may remove/kill some harmful bacterias as well which prevent infections in vagina

Treatment of Trichomoniasis

Without treatment, trich can last from months to years in an infected individual. It is usually treated with antibiotics

  • Oral pills containing Metronidazole or Tinidazole is prescribed by the doctor after a confirmed laboratory diagnosis

  • Alcohol is to be avoided for at least 24 hours after medication is taken

  • Reinfection can occur in most infected individuals. Therefore, a re-check must be performed every 3 months

  • Partners of infected people should also get tested and treated

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