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What is Contraception?

Contraception or Birth Control is a way to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Some of these methods also help in preventing the spread of STDs and STIs.

While most contraception methods come with reversible effects, there are certain permanent solutions as well (here a surgery is performed on the reproductive organs of the body).

Contraception prevents pregnancy by either of the following ways:

  • Not letting the sperm go up the cervix to meet the egg in the fallopian tube. Here the sperm dies mostly in cervix/vagina

  • Preventing the implant of fertilised egg into the uterus by changing the uterus lining

  • Preventing the release of egg into fallopian tubes

Some contraceptives are easily available over the counter in pharmacies while for others, you need to consult with a doctor first.

The contraceptives can be categorised as:

  • Intra- Uterine

  • Hormonal Method

  • Barrier Method

  • Emergency Contraception

  • Natural Method

  • Permanent Method

There are 17 types of contraceptions as mentioned below:

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